akota-Sioux: Tipi (or Tepee) - ti to house, pi to use to
The tipi is a beautiful shaped living room, like a cathedral does it rise in the center, the round circle-like floor shape, a sacred space by itself. It is also easy to transport, put up and build; base of nomadic living.
The tipi stands almost as a symbol of native american culture, and it seems unique to the north american continent. The simplicity is obvious, and with poles, a single piece of canvas (plus door cover) and ropes, you build a tipi. The smoke flaps and the interior inlining make it a habitat with an open fire in the middle, but it must be admited to use it in winter-time, it seems less suitable, as the smoke leaves through the roof and junction of the poles, and so the heat, not very optimal or efficient despite of possible fur used to insulate the interior.
The tipi I consider as spring to fall shelter, as the thermal insulation for the winter is quite an overhead and less suitable, unless one uses furr extensively.
The tipi is rather simple to transport, one big one piece canvas for the cover, and the poles, which can become quite long (e.g. > 7m) and an overhead to transport. As it is suggested the poles should be 1 to 1.5m longer than the diameter of the tipi, I personally yet consider 0.50m more sufficient, then a separate cover for the pole junction can be applied so no rain water will leak anymore into the inside of the tipi.
The tipi is amazing simple, a set of straight poles and one canvas with an optional inlining; to errect and take down a tipi is simple. The portability is very good, except when you have very long poles. The comfort isn’t that great due the reason mentioned, the thermal insulation isn’t doable very easy and so a lower rating on the comfort.
- Guide to setting up a Sioux Tipi - http://www.tipi.com/tipipoles/Tipi%20Instructions22.pdf
- Plain indian teepee guide - http://www.shelterpub.com/_shelter/www_teepee.html
- Guide of plain indian tipi’s - http://www.simplydifferently.org/DL/tipi-howto-men.pdf
- Great site for building your own tipi as has all the calculators for building your own tipi as has all the calculations for working out sizings on custom tipi’s – http://www.simplydifferently.org/Tipi